When bacteria multiply on the tooth surface as a result of incorrect or inadequate home dental hygiene or the absence of professional tooth cleaning, this leads to gum inflammation (gingivitis). This can be treated and improved by adjusting the dental hygiene measures.
If there is already a build-up of bacteria in the deep gingival pockets and on the root surface, this will lead to the deterioration of the periodontium.
If there is inflammation in the periodontium, which consists of the gums, the root elements, the dental fibers and the jaw bone, this is known as periodontitis. Genetic factors, stress or a weakened immune system all have a negative impact on this disease.
The patient will usually notice bleeding gums or will even see the teeth starting to wobble. Another unpleasant symptom is bad breath as a result of the bacteria and the coatings on the teeth. The degeneration of the bone or deep gingival or bone pockets can be established by means of a dental examination. Early diagnosis is crucial in ensuring successful treatment.
Treatment measures are adapted based on the severity of the disease. If only the gum is affected, then this can be adequately treated with professional tooth cleaning combined with optimal home dental hygiene. If the disease has already spread to the deeper structures, however, appropriate deep cleaning will need to be performed, involving cleaning and rinsing underneath the gum using ultrasound. In particularly severe cases, surgery or antibiotics may be necessary. Regular follow-up examinations are essential.
Periodontitis affects the entire body
Oral health affects your entire body; parodontological bacteria is associated with artherosclerosis, heart attacks and strokes. Interactions with diabetes have also been proven. A poorly managed diabetes disease has a negative effect on the periodontium, just as periodontitis can exacerbate a diabetes disease. The risk of premature delivery in pregnant women can also be increased.
In this case, it is therefore also worth having professional tooth cleaning and dental examinations performed as preventative measures. We are happy to provide you with competent advice on home dental hygiene and to answer any questions on nutrition.